Other current and historical names
Location and coordinates are for the approximate centre of St Austell within this administrative area. Geographic features and populated places may cross administrative borders.
Gazetteer of the British Isles (Edinburgh: Bartholomew, 1887). John Bartholomew
St Austell, market town and par. with ry. sta., Cornwall, 1½ mile W. of St Austell Bay, 14½ miles NE. of Truro, and 285 SW. of London - par., 12,125 ac., pop. 11,286; town, pop. 3582; P.O., T.O., 4 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Friday. St Austell has some mfrs. of iron, machinery, and woollen cloth, and a pilchard fishery; but it owes its importance to the china-clay works and tin and copper mines in its vicinity. Great quantities of china-clay and china-stone are exported from the neighbouring harbours of Charlestown and Pentewan. About 2 miles NE. of the town is the Carclaze Mine, a vast excavation, of unknown antiquity, which long yielded tin but now yields china-clay. The church of St Austell (restored 1870) is one of the finest in Cornwall. St Austl Bay, 4 miles wide, penetrates 5 miles, and is separated from Mevagissey Bay on the S. by Black Head.